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University of Chicago Press. Shivaji demonstrated great skill in creating his military organisation, which lasted until the demise of the Maratha empire.

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History of medieval India. The Struggle for Hindu supremacy. University of Pennsylvania Press.

Xenophobia in Seventeenth-Century India. The English had misgivings of the advantages Shivaji would gain from this conquest, root and me but also did not want to lose any chance of receiving compensation for his looting their factories at Rajapur.

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New title new state formed. In modern times, Shivaji is considered as a national hero in India, especially in the state of Maharashtra, where he remains arguably the greatest figure in the state's history.

University of Hawaii Press. Having made peace with the Mughals, ceding them six forts, he went to serve the Sultanate of Bijapur.

Shivaji in popular culture. Shivaji's statues and monuments are found almost in every town and city in Maharashtra as well as in different places across India. Shivaji established a competent and progressive civil rule with well-structured administrative organisations. Marathas were rewarded accordingly. Amsterdam University Press.

Shivaji was admired for his heroic exploits and clever stratagems in the contemporary accounts of English, French, Dutch, Portuguese and Italian writers. After the latter's death, his successor released Shahu. Images of women in Maharashtrian literature and religion. After the ablution, Shivaji bowed before Jijabai and touched her feet.

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American Oriental Society. Gods, Kings, and Other Heroes.

The Lives and Times of Great Mughals. Pursued by Bijapuri forces, Shivaji retreated to Pratapgad fort, where many of his colleagues pressed him to surrender.

Nearly fifty thousand people gathered at Raigad for the ceremonies. Fundamentalism and Censorship in India. Raigad Fort was newly built by Hiroji Indulkar as a capital of nascent Maratha kingdom. Indian king and the founder of Maratha Empire. Chhatrapati of the Maratha Empire.

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Cambridge University Press. This is a very common feeling with the readers, who derive their knowledge of these events solely from the works of English historians.

Society, the Jagirdari Crisis, and the Village. Foreign Biographies of Shivaji. University of Nebraska Press. Stories of his life form an integral part of the upbringing and identity of the Marathi people.

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Translation of Articles of the Late Dr. Shivaji left behind a state always at odds with the Mughals. There was some doubt about his Kshatriya origin see note at the end of this chapter. Shivaji carved out an enclave from the declining Adilshahi sultanate of Bijapur that formed the genesis of the Maratha Empire.

From Antiquity to the Present. Vivekananda Rock Memorial Committee. Hindu King in Islamic India. The State at War in South Asia. He also rebuilt or repaired many forts in advantageous locations.

There is less evidence of Shivaji's attitude towards the Christians. Greenwood Publishing Group. Naming and Identity in Postcolonial Bombay.

Shivaji the Great Liberator. Coronation Tercentenary Commemoration Volume. Published under the authority of the Govt. Though many of Shivaji's enemy states were Muslim, he treated Muslims under his rule with tolerance for their religion. Tilak and Mass Politics in Maharashtra.

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In the run-up to his expedition Shivaji appealed to a sense of Deccani patriotism, that Southern India was a homeland that should be protected from outsiders. Western India in the Nineteenth Century. If it is a mosque, the call to prayer is chanted in remembrance of God. Princeton University Press.

Viegas was later to defect back to the Portuguese, taking sailors with him. For other uses, see Shivaji disambiguation.

By June three months after Shivaji's death Rajaram was made a prisoner in the fort of Raigad, along with his mother Soyra Bai and his wife Janki Bai. Scholars disagree on his date of birth. Shivaji was well known for his strong religious and warrior code of ethics and exemplary character. At that time, Shivaji was encamped at Panhala fort with his forces. The captured enemy, both officers and men, were set free and sent back to their homes with money, food and other gifts.

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Shivaji. Commemorations of Shivaji are found throughout India, most notably in Maharashtra.